Eim fact sheet 2010_resources

Inactivity Fact Sheet
American College of Sports Medicine INACTIVITY EPIDEMIC REFERENCES
 Low activity increases risk of death.
Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st century Blair SN. Physical inactivity: the biggest public health problem of the 21st century. Br J Sports Med 2009; 43:1-2.  Prevalence of inactivity in the US according to 2008 PA guidelines Carlson SA, Fulton JE, Galuska DA, Kruger J, Lobelo F, Loustalot FV. Prevalence of self-reported physically active adults - United States, 2007. MMWR; December 5 2008, Vol 57, No 48. - JAMA 2009;301(9):926-927  Eight hours a day in sedentary behaviors Amount of time spent in sedentary behaviors in the United States, 2003-2004. Matthews CE, Chen KY, Freedson PS, Buchowski MS, Beech BM, Pate RR, Troiano RP. Am J Epidemiol. 2008 Apr 1;167(7):875-81. Epub 2008 Feb 25.  $330 per person per year in health care expenditures dues to inactivity in 2008 Higher Direct Medical Costs Associated with Inactivity. A Team Physician's Challenge By: Michael Pratt, MD, MPH; Caroline A. Macera, PhD; Guijing Wang, PhD Volume: 28, Issue: 10, Published: October 2000, Original Research  Physical Activity of doctors and medical students Physical activity habits of doctors and medical students influence their counseling practices. Lobelo F, Duperly J, Frank E. Br J Sports Med. 2009 Feb;43(2):89-92. Physician counseling about exercise. Wee CC, McCarthy EP, Davis RB, et al. JAMA1999;282:1583–8.  US Physical Activity Guidelines. http://www.health.gov/paguidelines/ US Department of Health and Human Services 2008 Physical Activity Guidelines for Americans.  Can reduce mortality and the risk of recurrent breast cancer by approximately 50%. http://jama.ama-assn.org/cgi/content/abstract/293/20/2479 Physical activity and survival after breast cancer diagnosis. Holmes MD et al. JAMA 2005; 293:2479 A Prospective Study of Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Breast Cancer Mortality Peel JB, Sui X, Adams SA, Hébert JR, Hardin JW, Blair SN. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009 Apr;41(4):742-8.  Can lower the risk of colon cancer by over 60%. Physical activity and colon cancer: confounding or interaction? Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise: June 2002 - Volume 34 - Issue 6 - pp 913-919  Can reduce the risk of developing of Alzheimer’s disease by approximately 40%. http://www.annals.org/content/144/2/73.abstract Exercise is associated with reduced risk for incident dementia among persons 65 years of age and older. Larsen EB et al. Annals of Internal Medicine 2006; 144:73-81 Inactivity Fact Sheet
American College of Sports Medicine INACTIVITY EPIDEMIC REFERENCES (Continued)
 Reduces the incidence of high blood pressure and heart disease by approximately 40%. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16293717 Cardiorespiratory fitness is an independent predictor of hypertension incidence among initially normotensive healthy women. Barlow CE et al. Am J Epidemiol 2006; 163:142-50 http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7934752?dopt=Abstract Exercise in the prevention of coronary heart disease: today's best buy in public health. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1994 Jul;26(7):807-14.  Lowers the risk of stroke by 27%. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10865274?itool=EntrezSystem2.PEntrez.Pubmed.Pubmed_ResultsPanel.Pubmed_RVDocSum&ordinalpos=8 Physical activity and risk of stroke in women. JAMA. 2000 Jun 14;283(22):2961-7.  Reduces the incidence of diabetes by approximately 50%. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10068380 The association between cardiorespiratory fitness and impaired fasting glucose and type 2 diabetes mellitus in men. Wei M et al. Annals of Internal Medicine. 1999 http://content.nejm.org/cgi/content/short/346/6/393 Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. DPP Research Group. New England Journal of Medicine 2002; 346:393-403 The Diabetes Prevention Program Research Group: Within-trial cost-effectiveness of lifestyle intervention or metformin for the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes. DPP Res Group. Diab Care 2003; 26:2518  Can decrease depression as effectively as Prozac or behavioral therapy. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15626549 Exercise treatment for depression: efficacy and dose response. Dunn A et al. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2005  Muscle strength decreases mortality risk Association between muscular strength and mortality in men. Ruiz JR, Sui X, Lobelo F, Morrow JR, Jackson AW, Blair SN. BMJ 2008; 337:a439.  Better to be fit and fat than unfit with lower percentage of body fat. Cardiorespiratory fitness and adiposity as mortality predictors in older adults. Sui X, LaMonte MJ, Laditka JN, Hardin JW, Chase N, Hooker SP, Blair SN. JAMA. 2007 Dec 5;298(21):2507-16. California Dept. of Education Study, December 10, 2002  Fewer disciplinary incidents and fewer out of school suspensions. PE 4 Life Woodland Elementary School, Kansas City PSD #33

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