of 4 February 2008
concerning a coordinated Community monitoring programme for 2008 to ensure compliance with
maximum levels of pesticide residues in and on cereals and certain other products of plant origin

and national monitoring programmes for 2009
(notified under document number C(2008) 369) (Text with EEA relevance)
THE COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES, residue monitoring, Member States are only able toanalyse samples of eight products each year within acoordinated monitoring programme. Pesticide usesshow changes within the timescale of three-year cycles.
Having regard to the Treaty establishing the European Each pesticide should thus generally be monitored in 20- Community, and in particular Article 211 thereof, 30 food products over a series of three-year cycles.
Residues of the pesticides covered by this Recommen- Having regard to Council Directive 86/362/EEC of 24 July 1986 dation should be monitored in 2008, as this will allow on the fixing of maximum levels for pesticide residues in and using these data for the estimation of actual dietary on cereals (1), and in particular Article 7(2)(b) thereof, exposure to them. As monitoring has to cover three-year cycles and to allow Member States to submit theirmonitoring programmes for 2009, this Recommendationshould further set out indications for the monitoring to Having regard to Council Directive 90/642/EEC of 27 November 1990 on the fixing of maximum levels forpesticide residues in and on certain products of plant origin,including fruit and vegetables (2), and in particular Article4(2)(b) thereof, On the basis of a binomial probability distribution, it canbe calculated that examination of 642 samples allowswith a certainty of more than 99 %, the detection of asample containing pesticide residues above the limit ofdetermination (LOD), provided that not less than 1 % of products of plant origin contain residues above that limit.
Collection of these samples should be apportionedbetween Member States on the basis of population andconsumer numbers, with a minimum of 12 samples per Directives 86/362/EEC and 90/642/EEC provide that the Commission should progressively work towards a systemwhich would permit the estimation of dietary exposureto pesticides. To make realistic estimations possible, dataon the monitoring of pesticide residues should be Guidelines concerning ‘Quality Control Procedures for available in a number of food products which constitute Pesticide Residue Analysis’ are published on the major components of the European diet. It is generally Commission website (3). It is agreed that these guidelines recognised that major components of the European diet should be applied as far as possible by the analytical are constituted by some 20-30 food products. In view of laboratories of the Member States and should be the resources available at national level for pesticide reviewed continuously in the light of experience gainedin the monitoring programmes.
(1) OJ L 221, 7.8.1986, p. 37. Directive as last amended by Commission Directive 2007/73/EC (OJ L 329, 14.12.2007, p. 40).
(3) Document SANCO/3131/2007 of 31 October 2007 (2) OJ L 350, 14.12.1990, p. 71. Directive as last amended by Directive (http://europa.eu.int/comm/food/plant/protection/resources/ Commission Directive 2002/63/EC of 11 July 2002 been developed for supply of data by e-mail from the establishing Community methods of sampling for the Member States to the Commission. Member States official control of pesticide residues in and on products should therefore be able to send their reports to the of plant and animal origin and repealing Directive Commission in the standard format. The further deve- 79/700/EEC (1) incorporates the sampling methods and lopment of such a standard format is most effectively procedures recommended by the Codex Alimentarius undertaken by the development of guidelines by the The measures provided for in this recommendation are in Regarding the analysis of animal products expected to be accordance with the opinion of the Standing Committee carry out from 2009 onwards, the official laboratories need to know well in advance in order to be adapted tothis recommendation, which pesticides and commoditiesof animal origin are going to be sought, these combi-nations are indicated in Annex I with a (d).
1. Member States are invited, during the year 2008, to take and Directives 86/362/EEC and 90/642/EEC require Member analyse samples for the product/pesticide residue combi- States to specify the criteria applied in drawing up their nations set out in Annex I except for animal products (d) national inspection programmes. Such information that it will be for 2009 onwards. The number of samples of should include the criteria applied in determining the each product are allocated to them in Annex II, reflecting as numbers of samples to be taken and analyses to be appropriate, national, Community and third country share of carried out and the reporting levels applied, the criteria by which the reporting levels have been fixed and detailsof accreditation under the Regulation (EC) No 882/2004of the European Parliament and of the Council of 29April 2004 on official controls performed to ensure The lot to be sampled should be chosen randomly, in line the verification of compliance with feed and food law, animal health and animal welfare rules (2). As regards theaccreditation of laboratories, the derogation provided forin Article 18 of Commission Regulation (EC) No The sampling procedure, including the number of units, 2076/2005 of 5 December 2005 laying down transi- should be in line with Directive 2002/63/EC.
tional arrangements for the implementation of Regu-lations (EC) No 853/2004, (EC) No 854/2004 and (EC)No 882/2004 of the European Parliament and of theCouncil and amending Regulations (EC) No 853/2004 2. The samples taken and analysed by each Member State in and (EC) No 854/2004 (3), should be taken into accordance with Annexes I and II, should include at least: account. The number and type of infringements andthe action taken should also be indicated.
(a) 10 samples of baby food based mainly on vegetables, Maximum residue levels for baby food have been estab-lished in accordance with Article 6 of CommissionDirective 91/321/EEC of 14 May 1991 on infant (b) one sample, where available, from produce originating formulae and follow-on formulae (4) and Article 7 of from organic farming that reflects the market share of Commission Directive 2006/125/EC of 5 December organic produce in each Member State.
2006 on processed cereal-based foods and baby foodsfor infants and young children (5).
3. Member States are invited to report the results of the analysis of samples tested for the product/pesticide residuecombinations set out in Annex I by 31 August 2009 at the Information on the results of monitoring programmes is particularly appropriate for treatment, storage and trans-mission by electronic/informatics methods. Formats have (a) The analytical methods used and reporting levels achieved, in accordance with the quality control (2) OJ L 165, 30.4.2004, p. 1, as corrected by OJ L 191, 28.5.2004, procedures set out in the Quality Control Procedures p. 1. Regulation as last amended by Council Regulation (EC) No 1791/2006 (OJ L 363, 20.12.2006, p. 1).
(3) OJ L 338, 22.12.2005, p. 83. Regulation as last amended by Regu- lation (EC) No 1246/2007 (OJ L 281, 25.10.2007, p. 21).
(4) OJ L 175, 4.7.1991, p. 35. Directive as last amended by Directive 2006/82/EC (OJ L 362, 20.12.2006, p. 94).
(b) The number and type of infringements and the action 4. The report should be produced in a format — including the of the accreditation, the accreditation body and a copy of electronic format — conforming to the guidance to the the accreditation certificate, of the laboratories carrying Community monitoring programmes provided by theStanding Committee on the Food Chain and Animal Health.
(d) Information about the proficiency tests and ring tests in which the laboratory has participated.
The results concerning samples taken from baby food andproduce originating from organic farming should be 6. Member States are invited to send to the Commission, by 30 September 2008 at the latest, their intended nationalprogramme for monitoring maximum pesticide residuelevels fixed by Directives 90/642/EEC and 86/362/EEC for 5. Member States are invited to send to the Commission and to the other Member States, by 31 August 2008 at the latest,the information required under Article 7(3) of Directive86/362/EEC and Article 4(3) of Directive 90/642/EEC (a) The criteria applied in determining the number of concerning the 2007 monitoring exercise to ensure, at samples to be taken and analyses to be carried out; least by check sampling, compliance with maximumpesticide residue levels including: (b) The reporting levels applied and the criteria by which the (a) The results of their national programmes concerning (c) Details of accreditation, under Regulation (EC) No 882/2004, of the laboratories carrying out analyses.
procedures and, in particular, information concerningaspects of the guidelines concerning Quality ControlProcedures for Pesticide Residue Analysis which they have not been able to apply or have had difficulty inapplying; (c) Information on accreditation in accordance with Article 12 of Regulation (EC) No 882/2004, including the scope PESTICIDE/PRODUCT COMBINATIONS TO BE MONITORED
(expressed as sum of triadimenol andtriadimefon) (a) Beans (fresh or frozen, without pod), carrots, cucumbers, oranges or mandarins, pears, potatoes, rice, spinach (fresh or (b) Aubergines, bananas, cauliflower, table grapes, orange juice (1), peas (fresh/frozen, without pod), peppers (sweet), (c) Apples, head cabbage, leek, lettuce, tomatoes, peaches including nectarines and similar hybrids; rye or oats, (d) Butter, Ham (smoked or air-dried), Egg (liquid or dried).
(*) Indicative for 2009 and 2010 subject to programmes which will be recommended for these years.
(**) Chlormequat and mepiquat should be analysed in cereals (excluding rice), carrots, fruiting vegetables and pears.
(1) For orange juice Member States should specify the source (concentrates or fresh fruits).
Number of samples of each product to be taken and analysed by each Member State.
(*) Minimum number of samples for each single residue method applied.
(**) Minimum number of samples for each multi-residue method applied.

Source: http://www.envipak.sk/files/2008-103-ec-aj.pdf


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