HOW TO TREAT VOMITING & DIARRHEA IN DOGS Home treatment of vomiting and diarrhea Specific treatments of vomiting are dependent on the cause. Here is the general
approach to treating vomiting and diarrhea:
If your pet vomits once and/or has a small amount of diarrhea then eats normally
with no further vomiting, has a normal bowel movement and is acting playful, then
the problem may resolve on its own.
If you discover any predisposing cause such as exposure to trash, change in diet or
plants your dog may be eating, always eliminate that cause.
If your dog vomits several times, has diarrhea and you cannot take your dog to your
veterinarian (which is recommended), then you may try the following:
- Do not give any medications without consulting your Veterinarian. Some
medications can be toxic.
- Dealing with both vomiting and diarrhea can be difficult. Often with Vomiting we
hold food for 2 to 4 hours – with Diarrhea sometimes is it longer – even 24 hours.
These are general guidelines trying to treat both conditions. If your dog is acting sick,
lethargic or the vomiting and/or diarrhea continues – PLEASE see your veterinarian.
- Withhold food and water for four to six hours. Oftentimes, the stomach lining may
be very irritated. Some dogs will want to eat and continue vomiting. Give the
stomach "time to rest" for a few hours.
- If your pet has not vomited by the end of this time, offer small amounts of water (a
few tablespoons at a time). Continue to offer small amounts of water ever 20 minutes
or so until your pet is hydrated. Don't allow your dog to over drink as this may lead
- If there has been no vomiting after the small increments of water are offered, then
you may gradually offer a bland diet.
- Small frequent feedings of a bland digestible diet such as Iams Recovery Diet,
Provision EN or Waltham Low Fat, are usually recommended. You can make a
homemade diet of boiled rice or potatoes (as the carbohydrate source) and lean
hamburger, skinless chicken or low-fat cottage cheese (as the protein source), Feed
small amounts at a time. Don't over feed as your dog may eat the entire bowl and
vomit. Feed a meatball size portion and if there is no vomiting, offer a small amount
more about 1 hour later. Give small amounts frequently – every 3 to 4 hours – for the
first day. You can gradually increase the amount and decrease the frequency as your
- Many veterinarians recommend Pepcid AC® (generic name is Famotidine) to
decrease stomach acid. This helps many pets. The dosage most commonly used is 0.25
to 0.5 mg per pound (0.5 to 1.0 mg/kg) every 12 to 24 hours. A 20-pound dog should
get about 5 to 10 mg (total dose) once to twice daily. This is an oral medication, which
can be found at most pharmacies in the antacid section. Pepcid (Famotidine) does not
require a prescription. It is often used for 3 to 5 days.
- Some veterinarians recommend Pepto-Bismol or Kaopectate® (for dogs only!). The
active ingredients are generally subsalicylate and Bismuth. Two tablespoons of
Pepto-Bismol contain almost as much salicylate as one
aspirin tablet (which is toxic to
cats). Do NOT give cats Pepto-Bismol or Kaopectate! The subsalicylate, an aspirin-
like compound, can decrease diarrhea caused by intestinal infections. The bismuth
agent is a chalk-like compound designed to coat the lining of the stomach and
intestines. This helps some pets with diarrhea. The typical daily dose administered to
dogs amounts to approximately 2 teaspoons (10 ml total) per 10-pounds, ideally split
between two to four doses. This be found at most pharmacies and does not require a
prescription. It is often used for 1 to 2 days. DO NOT USE IN CATS
- Feed a bland diet for 2 days.
- The return to regular dog food should be gradual over a period of one to two days.
At first, mix in a little of your dog's food into the bland diet. Feed that for one meal.
Then feed a 50/50 mix for one meal. Then feed ¾ dog food and ¼ bland diet for a
meal – then feed your dog's regular food.
- Leash-walk your pet to allow observation of bowel movements, observe for normal
urinations and note any additional vomiting that may otherwise occur without your
Please Consult your Veterinarian .
Disclaimer: This is for informational purposes only & has been gathered from a
Updates to your prescription benefits Effective January 1, 2014 Within the Prescription Drug List (PDL), medications are grouped by tier. The tier indicates the amount you pay when you fill a prescription. Please reference this chart as you review the following updates. Most options listed are available in Tier 1, your lowest cost option. If your medica
The Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions , Volume 15, pp. 31–39. Printed in the U.S.A. Copyright © 1995 The Alliance forContinuing Medical Education and the Society of Medical College Directors of Continuing Medical Education. All rights reserved. Original Article Patient Charts and Physician Office Management Decisions: Chart Audit and Chart Stimulated Recall