A better environment for the children
- proposed courses of actions in Denmark
known about the influence of Courses of action from the working
abilities, cancer, poisoning and hearing
this knowledge and provided cals, noise and indoor climate which
mental exposures with a significant effect on the health of children.
Examples of environmental exposures to hazardous compounds
- and examples of their potentially adverse effect on children's health
Allergy and other kinds of hypersensitivity:
Hypersensitivity (e.g. asthma, food allergy and hay fever)
Central nerve system disorders:
Releases of hazardous compounds from electronic
products (e.g. computers, mobile phones, TVs,
Indoor environment and sanitation
radios, toasters, coffee makers, irons), printed
Carpets, floors of vinyl, textile-and leather
Neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g. autism and attention
papers, tents, mattresses, clothes (especially new
furniture's, building materials (e.g. chip
unwashed), waterproof clothes, rubber boot, shoes,
boards, joint and stopping materials, paints,
furniture's, toys, jewellery, buttons, cosmetics, lip
lacquers, glues, emissions and smells of
salve, hair dyes, body paints, sun protection
products, hair shampoos, hair styling products, lice
candlelight's, gas cooker and ovens, house
products, wet tissues, toothpaste, nappies, hobby
items (e.g. modelling clay, paints and colour pens,
Hearing impairments and noise related effects:
glues, plastic beads), washing powders, cleaning
laundry and lack of mechanical ventilation.
• Children should be protected against the negative effects of traffic.
• All consumer products should be without health hazardous substances.
• High political priority should be devoted to reducing environmentally related
health hazardous substances in food and drinking water.
• A better systematic surveillance, biomonitoring and risk assessment of
environmentally related health hazardous substances in food, consumer
products and drinking water should be established.
• A better basis for risk assessment of environmentally related health
hazardous substances in consumer products, food and drinking water should
be established by toxicity testing.
• The noise in children institutions and schools should be limited.
• There should be improved regulation of smoking, to avoid children becoming
Children differ in exposures and susceptibility as compared with adults
• Increased hygiene as well as initiation of good hygienic habits for children
physiological changes in various organs and body systems differentiate children
will lower the incidence of infectious diseases among children.
from adults in relation to environmental exposure and susceptibility to hazardous
• It is suggested an up-grading of occupational hygiene to avoid children's
exposure to hazardous substances from their parent’s place of work.
years of life children are particularly susceptible.
• Establishment of a joint plan of action for children and environment should
Moreover children have a longer life span
to develop chronically diseases arising from exposures early in life.
• Introduction of regulation of environmental exposures of children’s health,
comparable to the regulation of working environment for adults is suggested.
The Danish Board of Technology and particularly the members of the working group:
Else Guldager, RN HV, Ph.D., The National Council for Children, Copenhagen
• Co-ordinated environmental and health guidance in relation to children’s
Eva C. Bonefeld-Jørgensen, Ph.D.,MSc, associate professor, Unit of Cellular & Molecular Biosensors, Institute of Public Health,
Gitte Gross, MSc, The Danish Consumer Council, Copenhagen
exposure to hazardous environmental factors is recommended.
Henrik L. Hansen, PhD, Medical public officer, Medical office of health, Vejle
Lisbeth E. Knudsen, Ph.D., MSc, associate professor, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen
Ole Hertel, Ph.D., EBA, MSc, Senior Researcher, Atmospheric Environment, National Environmental Research Institute, Roskilde
• Up-grading of the general efforts of the local authority health service
Troels J. B. Lyngbye, MD Sci., Pediatric department, Aarhus University Hospital. Hammel Neurocenter, Aarhus University Hospital
Anne F. Rohmann, MA, project manager, The Danish Board of Technology, Copenhagen
including improvement of the health visitor’s qualifications in environmental
Poster prepared by Marie Pedersen, MSc, research assistant, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen
Figures are from the report written by the authors above and published by the Danish Board of Technology.
health is recommended.
The report is written in Danish and it is available at: http://www.tekno.dk/pdf/projekter/p05_Boern_og_miljoe_rapport.pdf
The report was recently passed on to the members of the Parliament and ministers of the Government in Denmark.
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