A better environment for the children
- proposed courses of actions in Denmark
known about the influence of Courses of action from the working abilities, cancer, poisoning and hearing this knowledge and provided cals, noise and indoor climate which mental exposures with a significant effect on the health of children. Examples of environmental exposures to hazardous compounds
- and examples of their potentially adverse effect on children's health
Ground- and
drinking waters
Allergy and other kinds of hypersensitivity:
Hypersensitivity (e.g. asthma, food allergy and hay fever) Provisions
Reproductive damage:
Endocrine disruptions:
Central nerve system disorders:
Consumer products
Releases of hazardous compounds from electronic products (e.g. computers, mobile phones, TVs, Indoor environment and sanitation
radios, toasters, coffee makers, irons), printed Carpets, floors of vinyl, textile-and leather Neurodevelopmental disorders (e.g. autism and attention papers, tents, mattresses, clothes (especially new furniture's, building materials (e.g. chip unwashed), waterproof clothes, rubber boot, shoes, boards, joint and stopping materials, paints, furniture's, toys, jewellery, buttons, cosmetics, lip lacquers, glues, emissions and smells of salve, hair dyes, body paints, sun protection Infections diseases:
products, hair shampoos, hair styling products, lice candlelight's, gas cooker and ovens, house products, wet tissues, toothpaste, nappies, hobby items (e.g. modelling clay, paints and colour pens, Hearing impairments and noise related effects:
glues, plastic beads), washing powders, cleaning laundry and lack of mechanical ventilation. • Children should be protected against the negative effects of traffic.
• All consumer products should be without health hazardous substances.
• High political priority should be devoted to reducing environmentally related
health hazardous substances in food and drinking water.
Other effects:
• A better systematic surveillance, biomonitoring and risk assessment of
environmentally related health hazardous substances in food, consumer
products and drinking water should be established.
• A better basis for risk assessment of environmentally related health
hazardous substances in consumer products, food and drinking water should
be established by toxicity testing.
• The noise in children institutions and schools should be limited.
• There should be improved regulation of smoking, to avoid children becoming

Children differ in exposures and susceptibility as compared with adults
passive smokers.
• Increased hygiene as well as initiation of good hygienic habits for children
physiological changes in various organs and body systems differentiate children will lower the incidence of infectious diseases among children.
from adults in relation to environmental exposure and susceptibility to hazardous • It is suggested an up-grading of occupational hygiene to avoid children's
exposure to hazardous substances from their parent’s place of work.
years of life children are particularly susceptible.
• Establishment of a joint plan of action for children and environment should
Moreover children have a longer life span be initiated.
to develop chronically diseases arising from exposures early in life.
• Introduction of regulation of environmental exposures of children’s health,
comparable to the regulation of working environment for adults is suggested.
The Danish Board of Technology and particularly the members of the working group: Else Guldager, RN HV, Ph.D., The National Council for Children, Copenhagen • Co-ordinated environmental and health guidance in relation to children’s
Eva C. Bonefeld-Jørgensen, Ph.D.,MSc, associate professor, Unit of Cellular & Molecular Biosensors, Institute of Public Health, Gitte Gross, MSc, The Danish Consumer Council, Copenhagen exposure to hazardous environmental factors is recommended.
Henrik L. Hansen, PhD, Medical public officer, Medical office of health, Vejle Lisbeth E. Knudsen, Ph.D., MSc, associate professor, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen Ole Hertel, Ph.D., EBA, MSc, Senior Researcher, Atmospheric Environment, National Environmental Research Institute, Roskilde • Up-grading of the general efforts of the local authority health service
Troels J. B. Lyngbye, MD Sci., Pediatric department, Aarhus University Hospital. Hammel Neurocenter, Aarhus University Hospital Anne F. Rohmann, MA, project manager, The Danish Board of Technology, Copenhagen including improvement of the health visitor’s qualifications in environmental
Poster prepared by Marie Pedersen, MSc, research assistant, Institute of Public Health, University of Copenhagen Figures are from the report written by the authors above and published by the Danish Board of Technology. health is recommended.
The report is written in Danish and it is available at: The report was recently passed on to the members of the Parliament and ministers of the Government in Denmark.


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