Microsoft word - plantsforwildlife.docx

Local native plants best serve insects’ needs and should be your first choice. There are native
plants for all soils including clay and sand. This list is a starting point. Observe which plants
insects are using in your area and add those to your garden. Plant for continuous bloom from
early spring to late fall.
It is important to find out the conditions each plant likes (sun? shade? damp soil? dry? sandy
soil? clay?) so as to limit the amount of maintenance. When native plants are established in the
proper location and soil, they should require watering only during extreme dry spells.
A note on dandelions. Dandelions are considered invasive and weedy; however, their flowers
serve a purpose as an early season nectar and pollen source for native bees. A few dandelions
never really hurt anyone!
This list is provided courtesy of Pat Thomas, DAS member and wildlife gardening specialist.

Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
Red baneberry (Actaea rubra)
Anise Hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)
Nodding wild onion (Allium ceruum)
Prairie onion (A. stellatum)
Wild leek (Allium tricoccum)
Leadplant (Amorpha canescens)
Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)
Red columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)
Swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata) best choice for the average garden as it remains in clumps
Common milkweed (A. syriaca) very agressive. needs lots of room to spread. highly fragrant
Butterfly weed/ flower (Asclepias tuberosa) does not always overwinter in the north
Whorled milkweed (Asclepias verticillata)
Note: milkweeds host monarch caterpillars. The leaves of common milkweed are large, but other milkweeds have smaller leaves, meaning caterpillars eat them quickly. You may have to find a patch of common milkweed to supplement feeding. Aster -there are many beautiful species. Please consult the native nurseries listed
Heath or many-flowered aster (Aster ericoides)
New England Aster (Aster nova-angliae) good for fall insects
Wild indigo (Baptista alba)
Marsh marigold (Caltha palustris)
Harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)
Turtlehead (Chelone glabra)
Bunchberry (Cornus canadensis) ground cover
Pale purple coneflower ( Echinacea pallida)
Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)
Fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium)
Joe Pye Weed (Eupatorium maculatum)
Sweet Joe-Pye weed (Eupatorium purpureum)
Boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum)
Wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)
Wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)
Blanketflower (Gaillardia species)
Sunflowers (Helianthus species) many species -consult nurseries
Oxeye daisy/Early sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides)
Cow parsnip (Heracleum maximum) Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginicum) Blue-flag iris (Iris versicolor) Meadow Blazingstar (Liatris ligulistylis) excellent for Fall migrating butterflies Prairie Blazingstar (Liatris pycnostachya) consult nurseries for many other liatris species Great blue lobelia (Lobelia siphilitica) Pale lobelia (L. spicata) Northern lungwort/bluebells (Mertensia paniculata) Scarlet bergmot, Beebalm (Monarda didyma) Wild bergmot (Monarda fistulosa) Evening primrose (Oenothera) Downy sweet cicily (Osmorhiza claytonia) Woodland phlox (Phlox divaricata) Sweet wildwilliam (P. maculata) Prairie phlox (P. pilosa) Prairie rose (Rosa arkansana) Meadow rose (R. blanda) Black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta) Green-headed coneflower (R. laciniata) Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus) Cup plant( Silphium perfoliatum) Blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium angustifolium) Goldenrods (Solidago species) there are many beautiful goldenrods. See native nurseries for selection Stiff goldenrod (S. rigida) excellent fall plant for insects Common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) excellent early nectar source despite being non-native Spiderwort (Tradescantia occidentalis) Blue vervain (Verbena hastata) Ironweed (Vernonia fasiculata) Canadian white violet (Viola canadensis) Yellow violet (Viola pubescens) Fritillary caterpillars will use violets Golden Alexanders (Zizia aurea) Black Swallowtail caterpillars use this plant

Borage (self seeds) Sweet William (Dianthus barbatus) Sunflowers Single petaled/French marigolds (Tagetes spp.) Edging lobelia “Crystal Palace” Cleome Johnny Jump-ups (Viola tricolor) Nasturtium Annual Pinks (Dianthus chinensis)
American bittersweet (Celastrus scandens)
Western blue virgin’s bower (Clematis occidentalis)
Virgin’s bower (C. virginiana)
Wild Cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)
Twinflower (Linnaea borealis)
Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus inserta)
Riverbank grape (Vitus ripria )


Crocus (Crocus species)
Snowdrops (Galanthus spp)
Grape hyacinth (Muscari spp)
Squill (Scilla) Allium species
SHRUBS AND TREES the following are native unless marked **
Try and include evergreens/conifers in your garden.
Please consult the native nursery closest to you for appropriate species of plants
Balsam fir (Abies balsamea)
Serviceberry (Amelanchier species)
Maples (Acer species)
Birches (Betula species)
New Jersey Tea (Ceanothus americanus)
Ash (Fraxinus species)
Winterberry (Ilex verticillata)
Old field juniper (Juniperus communis)
Red cedar (J. virginiana)
Labrador tea (Ledum palustre)
Crabapples (Malus species) **
Ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius)
White spruce (Picea glauca)
Red Pine (Pinus resinosa)
White pine (P. strobus)
Poplars (Populus spp)
Shrubby cinquefoil (Potentilla fruiticosa)
Wild plum (Prunus americanus)
Wild black cherry (P. serotina)
Pin cherry (P. pensylvanica)
Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)
Bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)
Red oak (Q. rubra)
Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra)
Staghorn sumac (Rhus hirta (syn. typhina)
Prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)
Meadow rose (R. blanda)
Thimbleberry (Rubus parviflorus)
Pussy willow -male plants (Salix discolor)
American Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis)
Red-berried elder (S. pubens) these berries are eaten by birds, not people
American Mt. Ash (Sorbus americana)
Meadowsweet (Spirea alba)
Steeplebush (S. tomentosa)
Common lilac (Syringia vulgaris) **
Snowberry (Symphoricarpos albus)
Basswood, American linden (Tilia americana)
White cedar (Thuja occidentalis)
Blueberry (Vaccinium species)
Nannyberry (Viburnum lentago)
High-bush cranberry (V. trilobum)
Blackberries, raspberries, dewberries (Rubus spp)
Herbs are the second best choice for your plantings, in my opinion. Some choices include: Angelica Basil (if allowed to flower) Borage Chives Cilantro (if allowed to flower) Mint - many varieties (these can be aggressive) Oregano Sage Thyme Rosemary (will not overwinter outside) Lavender (some varieties may not overwinter well) Catmint (do not use if cats are in your area) 2011, Pat Thomas.



J Pharm Educ Res Vol. 2, Issue No. 1, June 2011 Inorganics/bioinorganics: Biological, medicinal and pharmaceutical uses Bhupinder Singh Sekhon PCTE Institute of Pharmacy, near Baddowal Cantt, Ludhiana 142 021, India. Received May 06, 2011; Accepted May 22, 2011 ABSTRACT Metal ions function in numerous metalloenzymes, are incorporated into pharmaceuticals and

Microsoft word - d de groote_biblio2012.docx

PubMed referenced articles 1. Patient-derived fibroblasts indicate oxidative stress status and may justify antioxidant therapy in OXPHOS disorders. Voets AM, Lindsey PJ, Vanherle SJ, Timmer ED, Esseling JJ, Koopman WJ, Willems PH, Schoonderwoerd GC, De Groote D , Poll-The BT, de Coo IF, Smeets HJ. Biochim Biophys Acta. 2012 Jul 13;1817(11):1971-1978. 2. Effect of the Intake of Resveratrol,

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