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NEW ACTION ALERT
American Littoral Society * Clean Ocean Action * Save Barnegat Bay
PUBLIC COMMENT PERIOD EXTENDED 60-DAYS
HELP “CLOSE THE LOOP”
SUPPORT NJDEP’S PLAN TO STOP THE DESTRUCTION OF
MARINE LIFE FROM OYSTER CREEK’S NUCLEAR POWER PLANT
At the urging of citizens, the public comment period has been extended
to November 6, 2005.
After 35 years of exterminating marine life, Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant in Lacey Township, NJ, is being directed by
the NJ Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) to implement technologies that will eliminate a major source of
destruction to the Barnegat Bay ecosystem.
Exelon (parent company of AmerGen, which operates the facility) is seeking to renew their pollution discharge permit that
regulates the cooling water system at the Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant. The current permit (a once-through cooling
system) removes and destroys 1.4 billion gallons
of life-rich estuarine waters from Barnegat Bay and discharges 1.4
of chlorinated, super-heated, nearly lifeless wastewater EACH DAY.*
Relief at Long Last:
The NJDEP has recently issued a draft permit that calls for Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant to
install a closed-cycle system and identified it as the "Preferred Alternative" - Alternative # 1. A closed-cycle system, also
called a “closed-loop system,” draws water into plants for cooling and re-circulates it, expelling the heat through cooling
towers. Some water must be replaced, but closed-cycle cooling reduces water intake by 95% and dramatically decreases
the number of fish, eggs, and larvae that are destroyed by once-through systems by being entrained (sucked into system),
impinged (pinned on screens), or fatally scalded.
In the draft permit, NJDEP states “closed-cycle cooling is the only cooling water intake structure technology
available to the facility to reduce entrainment.”
NJDEP’s decision sends a strong message to Oyster Creek Nuclear
Power Plant that the State will no longer allow them to destroy the marine environment. Instead, Exelon must upgrade the
facility to adequately protect, improve, and restore the health of Barnegat Bay. The installation of a closed-cycle cooling
• Save trillions of animals -- including 13 million fish and shellfish PER YEAR such as: blue crabs, striped bass,
winter flounder, bluefish, grass and sand shrimp, blackfish, bay anchovies, menhaden, spot, and spearing.
• Eliminate fish kills caused by thermal shock from the discharge.
• Stop the dumping of up to 365 tons
of toxic chlorine into the bay per year. Current allowable discharge levels are
20 times the lethal level
of many estuarine organisms including striped bass, bunker, and mummichogs (killis).
• Create hundreds of jobs building the new closed-loop system including cooling towers.
Potential Roll-Back Option Looms:
Although NJDEP states that the closed-loop system is the #1 Preferred Alternative,
if the facility can demonstrate that Alternative #1 is unavailable, the State allows for a fall-back option-- the use of
“mitigation” measures. This option, called “Alternative #2,” is unacceptable, as it will allow the continued destruction of
marine life in Barnegat Bay. Exelon Has the Resources and Responsibility to Build a Closed-Loop System:
Exelon, the recent purchasers of
Oyster Creek Power Plant, has the financial resources to install a closed-loop system. According to Exelon, it is “one of
the nation’s largest electric utilities with 5 million customers and $15 billion in annual revenues.” The company expects to
“generate $3.7 billion of cash between 2004-2006 after funding capital expenditures.” Exelon made a decision to buy
Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant, and has a responsibility to meet NJDEP’s recommendations to protect the
environment. Indeed, Exelon’s recent brochure states, “We are a staunch protector of South Jersey wildlife and natural
****PUBLIC COMMENT NEEDED****
HELP CLOSE THE LOOP
TAKE ACTION TO SUPPORT THE BEST OPTION FOR THE BAY AND MARINE LIFE
Send Comments by November 6, 2005
NJDEP issued a draft New Jersey Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NJPDES) permit renewal to the Oyster Creek
Nuclear Generating facility on July 19, 2005. Visit to view the official Public Notice and
Public comments are now due November 6th, 2005. Send comments to:
Attention: Comments on Public Notice NJ0005550
Bureau of Point Source Permitting, Region 1
Citizens are urged to attend the hearing and/or write comments. Be sure to include the following:
• Request an additional public hearing (due to the first public hearing being held in late August at a time when many
• Thank the NJDEP for extending the comment period on this important issue.
• Support NJDEP's "Preferred Alternative" - Alternative # 1 - requiring a closed-cycle cooling system.
• Oppose NJDEP's Alternative # 2 allowing the Applicant to "select, install, properly operate and maintain a
combination of design and construction technologies, operational measures, and/or restoration measures" since closed-cycle cooling is the "best available technology" and restoration measures have not been proven to be effective in offsetting the loss of marine life from once-through cooling systems.
This is a critical opportunity to finally stop the marine life-killing machine – the once through cooling water system at Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant. If you would like more information, contact these groups:
• American Littoral Society: 732-291-0055
• Clean Ocean Action: 732-872-0111, or visit for a detailed position paper.
* Oyster Creek Nuclear Power Plant’s current once-through cooling system operates at 1.4 billion gallons per
An earlier “action alert” included a typographical error stating that the system operated at 1.4 billion gallons per
Prepared by Clean Ocean Action, September 6, 2005.
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