Wayland baptist university

Wayland Baptist University
Q and A on the Swine Flu

What is swine flu?
Swine flu is a group of influenza type A viruses that
normally causes flu in pigs. This is a novel strain of a H1N1 virus; it has
parts developed from birds and swine. It has changed so that it can be passed
from human to human like the normal flu
What are the symptoms? It appears that the early symptoms are similar to
seasonal flu - cough, fever, sore throat, headache, runny nose general
fatigue, and muscle pains. Vomiting and diarrhea have also been noted. In
some of the cases reported from Mexico, these have led to a pneumonia-like
illness with difficulty breathing and even death.

How is this swine flu spreading?
It is most likely spreading from person to
person through infectious respiratory droplets (droplets generated when a
person coughs or sneezes). It is possible that direct contact with infectious
material by shaking hands with those who have coughed into their hands can
transmit the flu virus.
How can I prevent getting sick?
• Be sure to wash your hands frequently with an alcohol-based hand cleaner or soap and water for 15 seconds. • Avoid people who are obviously sick • Avoid touching your face, and if you do, be sure your hands are clean. • Sneeze or cough into your shirt sleeve rather than your hands, although this may not protect you it may help protect others you care about.
What should I do if I get sick?
• Go to the WBU nurse’s office in the University Center on the Plainview campus or see your primary care clinician • Avoid contact with large groups by staying home until you are better or your primary care clinician tells you that you are no longer infectious to others. What is the infectious period? The infectious period for this strain is not
yet known. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, infected people should be considered potentially contagious:
• One day before their symptoms start • Seven days after their symptoms start OR as long as they are still
Children, especially younger children, might potentially be contagious for
longer periods. If you are sick, you should avoid going to classes until you
are either better or are cleared by your primary care clinician.

If I was exposed, how long would it be until I would know I was sick?
Although we are not sure of the exact time for this version of the flu, the
majority of patients develop symptoms within about 4 days. However for
this new strain of flu, the incubation period may be longer and the CDC
suggests that you monitor your health for 7 days after possible exposure.

Is there a vaccine?
There is no specific vaccine against this swine flu as yet.
We are unsure of how much (if any) protection the regular seasonal flu
vaccine will have to protect people against this strain of swine flu. Students
and employees should NOT assume that the regular vaccine will give them
full protection and if they do get sick still seek medical attention.
As a general good health practice, people should make sure all of their
routine vaccinations are up to date. This includes pneumococcal vaccination
for certain adults. This vaccine is usually recommended for all people over
65 years old and younger people with serious long-term health problems
(heart disease, diabetes, alcoholism, COPD, emphysema, asthma, cancer
treatment, HIV/AIDS).

Should students/employees come in to be vaccinated against seasonal
No, there is no evidence that the current flu vaccine will provide
protection against this new swine flu at this time.

Can swine flu be treated with antiviral medications?
YES, preliminary
information indicates that the virus is sensitive to the newer antiviral
medications oseltamivir (Tamiflu) and zanamivir (Relenza). It is resistant to
the older medications amantadine and rimantidine.

Can I catch swine flu from eating pork or pork products?
Where can I get further information on the Swine Flu? You can go to the
the CDC website aor

Source: http://www.wbu.edu/news_and_events/2009/may/SwineFluQA.pdf

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Jean E.T. McLain, Ph.D. Associate Director, University of Arizona Water Resources Research Center (WRRC) Associate Research Scientist, WRRC and Dept. of Soil, Water and Environmental Science 350 N Campbell Avenue, Tucson, Arizona 85719 My current research is directed towards establishing the public health and environmental safety of reclaimed municipal wastewater, with the goal of extendin

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