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Welcome to the Spring issue of the PEX Newsletter, and a(belated) Happy New Year to all our readers. However, thisis a difficult time of year for many PEX sufferers, asspraying gets underway again in many parts of the country.
PAN UK has already started to receive calls about localcouncils spraying herbicide on pavements. This inefficientand unnecessary practice causes much human and animalpesticide exposure that could easily be avoided, asdiscussed in the article on Blanket Spraying.
It is good therefore to be able to report on some morepositive news. In a recent vote in the European Parliament,tougher pesticide legislation in the European Union wasvoted in by an astonishing 90% of MEPs. Sadly, the UKgovernment says it will not ratify the legislation. However,the UK is isolated in this, and will not be able to preventthe new regulations from becoming law. PAN UK policyofficer Nick Mole reports on the vote, and on ongoinglobbying work in the UK.
Please don’t forget you can write in to PEX news at anytime with your experiences, questions, comments, orrequests to make contact with other readers. Contactdetails are at the end of the newsletter.
Ruth Beckmann (Information Officer, PAN UK)
The PEX project provides information about pesticides,
and puts exposure sufferers in contact with one another
Blanket spraying of amenity
treatments. Sadly many councils and their
pesticides must stop
contractors are not prepared to go down thisroute as a result of higher costs.
An issue that PAN UK
has been following andwhich has recently been highlighted by one of
has raised this issue with the Minister
our supporters is that of blanket spraying of
pesticides to control weeds on pavements and
unconvincing reply requesting evidence that
there is a problem. We will be gatheringevidence, and launching a bigger initiative inthe coming months.
What can you do? In the first instance if yousee people blanket spraying herbicides pleaselet us know where and when it took place. Ifpossible take a picture, although don’t putyourself at risk. Let us know of any incidentswhere people or animals have been affected.
You could also talk to your local council andask that they insist that their contractors usespot treatment or try and encourage them touse non-chemical control methods. There are
Blanket spraying refers to the practise of
indiscriminate spraying of herbicides over
‘Pesticide Spraying – Your Rights (in urban
people on quad bikes riding and spraying at
the same time. There are many reasons why
contact PAN UK
for a hard copy. Finally, if you
this practise should be stopped immediately: it
have any success with your local council, let
is an inefficient way of applying pesticides and
uses far more than is needed to treat areas; itcan cause run-off into drains and thus
Nick Mole (Policy Officer, PAN UK)
potentially contaminate water supplies; it canhit non target areas, destroying them;residues are left on pavements where people
EU votes to protect human health
and animals can come into contact with them;and quad bikes on or near pavements can
In January this year the European Parliament
pose a risk to pedestrian safety. Of course,
voted by overwhelming majority to adopt new
many PEX sufferers also report that it triggers
legislation that will ban the use of some of the
most hazardous pesticides. The legislationincludes the creation of an EU pesticide
Is there an alternative? Yes there is: if the
council insists on spraying hard surfaces with
production. The pesticides that will be banned
methods. This would target only the areas
needed and could result in 50% less herbicide
being applied. It would also eliminate thedanger posed by marauding quad bikes.
The legislation will also introduce new controlson how and where pesticides can be used. In
Of course the best solution would be to use
particular there will be a requirement to stop
methods instead such as hot water and flame
present, including schools, parks and hospitals.
effects of hazardous pesticides. It met with
The measures also offer far greater protection
for Europe’s honeybees. Bees are essential for
Parliament; however, the majority of dissenting
the pollination of up to 80 million tonnes of EU
food produce – yet industry figures reveal thatup to 20% of pesticides may be toxic to bees.
Opposition to the legislation is also the positionof the UK Government, as has been made
Whilst it is fair to say that the legislation could
abundantly clear by Mr Benn. Following the
have gone a lot further it has created a new
vote, Mr Benn publicly stated that the UK
way of thinking about the authorization of
Government would not ratify the legislation.
pesticides. PAN UK
welcomes the move from
risk to hazard based criteria for assessing
meetings with representatives of the Crop
whether a pesticide can be used in the EU.
Protection Association, a body that representsthe interests of the agrochemical industry, the
Unfortunately, the legislation has not been
popular amongst UK politicians who seemmore interested in protecting the interests of
the Soil Association, Friends of the
the agrochemical industry than the health and
3rd February requesting a meeting in order to
Parliament showed that 577 MEPs voted for
the legislation and 61 against. Of those 61 that
highlighted the fact that the new legislation
voted against 56 were from the UK. The UK
aims to replace the most hazardous pesticides
environment secretary, Hilary Benn, has also
currently in use, including chemicals that cause
publicly stated that the UK will not ratify the
cancer and affect reproduction as well as
legislation when it is discussed at the Council
presenting threats to the environment and bio-
of Ministers. This really shows how out of step
diversity. To date there has been no response
the UK is with the rest of the EU. For more on
this please see “Who is Hilary Benn trying tokid?”, below.
There is no danger at this stage that thelegislation will not be ratified, as a majority of
Nick Mole (Policy Officer, PAN UK)
EU members support it. However, once againthe UK finds itself out of step with the rest ofEurope on a key issue affecting the health and
Who is Hilary Benn trying to kid?
For more information, including a list of the UK
MEPs who voted against the legislation, and a
Secretary, Hilary Benn, said that UK farming
copy of PAN UK’s letter to Hilary Benn, please
needs to be environmentally sustainable whilst
“The soil, the water, the air, the forests are the
If you are concerned by the UK Government’s
opposition to this important piece of legislation
therefore our existence, depends” stated Mr
and believe it should be ratified at the Council
Benn. Fine sentiments indeed but they appear
of Ministers please make your views known by
to be completely at odds with his statements
writing to Hilary Benn at the address given;
about the recent EU pesticides legislation that
Rt. Hon Hilary Benn MP, Secretary of State,
Department of Environment, Food and RuralAffairs, Nobel House, 17 Smith Square, London
The new legislation is designed to protect the
people and environment of the EU from the
Nick Mole (Policy Officer, PAN UK)
Largest ever study of children’s
Pesticides a cause of Gulf War
health gets underway in US
Illness, US panel concludes
The largest ever study into children’s health
and the environment finally began recruiting in
congress has concluded that Gulf War Illness(GWI) was caused by chemical exposures,including pesticides.
The Research Advisory Committee on Gulf WarVeterans' Illnesses presented a report inNovember 2008, which brought togetherscientific research and governmentinvestigations into GWI. The report refutes theview that these illnesses are stress-related,and acknowledges the urgent obligation toaddress the health needs of Gulf WarVeterans.
At least 1 in 4 veterans of the 1991 Gulf Warsuffer from GWI, which is characterized by
Jan 2009, after years of planning and research.
cognitive problems, persistent headaches,unexplained fatigue and pain. The new report
The National Children’s Study was authorised
attributes this range of symptoms primarily to
100,000 children, from before birth to age 21.
pyridostigmine bromide, given to soldiers to
protect against nerve agents. Other exposures
‘environment’ and will look at a wide range
may also be associated with GWI, including
factors which may impact on a child’s health
smoke from oil-well fires and other neurotoxic
surroundings, social factors, genetics – andchemical exposures, including pesticides. The
study is thus very complex, but because of its
criticised by some, on the grounds that a
size it may offer a powerful tool to examine
similar pattern of illness has not emerged
how these environmental factors interact to
among veterans of the Iraq war of 2003, where
affect children’s – and adults’ – health.
pesticides and pyridostigmine bromide werealso widely used.
Interaction between genes and
Using pesticides may impact
environment leads to Parkinson’s
This study in the Journal of Occupational and
Another piece of evidence linking pesticides
Environmental medicine looked at pregnant
and Parkinson's disease has been published in
the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.
asked how many months it had taken them to
Researchers in California found that individuals
become pregnant. They were also asked about
their exposure to pesticides through work,
exposed to high levels of pesticides, were more
pesticides in the home, or their partner’s use of
likely to have the movement disorder.
pesticides. Blood tests were taken for DDTand DDE (a breakdown product of DDT).
Previous studies have found that people withcertain genes seem to be more susceptible to
DDT was found in the women’s blood, but
Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, the
there was no relationship between DDT levels
researchers tested for these genes in people
with and without PD. They also measured the
women who worked in agriculture, lived within
subjects' exposure to two pesticides, maneb
and paraquat, both widely used in the area. To
pesticides at home, took longer to conceive.
do this they used official records and computer
This suggests that some of the pesticides in
current use may affect fertility. Paternal
relied solely on people's recall to assess
exposure to pesticides was not associated with
Individuals who were carrying one or more of
exposure was high, were much more likely to
have PD – and the more of the genes theywere carrying, the greater the risk. However, no
increased risk was found in those who had hadlittle or no pesticide exposure, no matter howmany of the genes they had.
These findings add weight to the evidence that,for some people at least, pesticide exposureincreases the risk of Parkinson's disease.
For any comments or suggestions, for more information about the PEX
project, or to place a notice in the newsletter, please contact
BOARD OF EDUCATION MEETING I. CALL TO ORDER/ROLL CALL The Board of Education of Erie Community Unit School District No. 1 met in regular session on January 24, 2011, at 6:30 P.M. in the Administrative Office. The following members answered roll call: Charles Brown, Mike Heun, Rhonda Pannier, Thomas Pons, Patrick Ryan, Tammy Tegeler, and Gail Young. II. CONSENT ITEMS: Member Brown
“DETOX-N – Ein multimodales Behandlungskonzept zur Rauchentwöhnung” Priv.-Doz. Dr. M. Hensel* und Prof. Dr. Dr. W.J. Kox FRCP FRCA MBA*** Chefarzt der Abteilung Anästhesiologie und Intensivmedizin der Park-Klinik Berlin-Weißensee** Inhaber des Lehrstuhls für Anästhesiologie und Intensivmedizin der Charité Campus Charité Mitte Korrespondenzadresse: Abtlg. Anästhesiolo